USDA Starts First Step In 2027 Ag Census

USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service will conduct the National Agricultural Classification Survey starting Jan. 24.

The survey is a step in determining who should receive a 2027 Census of Agriculture questionnaire. It will go to approximately 250,000 recipients to ask if they conduct agricultural activity. The results will ensure that every U.S. producer counts, no matter how large or small their operation.

“This survey helps illustrate the breadth of American agriculture and enables USDA to get a complete count of all farmers and ranchers,” says NASS Administrator Hubert Hamer. “Every response matters. Even if a recipient believes that the survey does not apply to them, we ask that they respond to the few screening questions.”

NASS encourages recipients to respond securely online at, using the unique survey code mailed with the survey. Respondents can also mail back completed questionnaires in the provided, prepaid envelope. NASS requests that each person who receives the survey respond promptly.

“The NACS ensures that everyone who produces and sells, or normally would sell, $1000 or more of agricultural products in a calendar year are represented in these vital data,” says Hamer.

The once-every-five-year Census of Agriculture remains the most comprehensive source on American agriculture. The data tell the story of American farmers, ranchers, and growers over time. It also informs agricultural policies and programs that impact operations across America.

USDA will release the 2022 Census of Agriculture data in February 2024.